By Kouichi Tsuji, Jasna Injuk, René Van Grieken
X-Ray Spectrometry: fresh Technological Advances covers the most recent advancements and components of analysis within the methodological and instrumental features of x-ray spectrometry. * contains the main complicated and high-tech elements of the chemical research strategies in keeping with x-rays * Introduces new kinds of X-ray optics and X-ray detectors, overlaying historical past, rules, features and destiny tendencies * Written by way of across the world well-known scientists, all of whom are eminent experts in all the sub-fields * Sections contain: X-Ray assets, X-Ray Optics, X-Ray Detectors, exact Configurations, New Computerization tools, New purposes This important ebook will help all analytical chemists and different clients of x-ray spectrometry to completely take advantage of the features of this set of strong analytical instruments and to additional extend functions in such fields as fabric and environmental sciences, drugs, toxicology, forensics, archaeometry and so on.
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Very little absorption contrast is present, the image revealing the edges of the body and organs. The phase contrast imaging technique presents an interesting application in the food processing industry, where there is a need to detect and recognize low atomic number (organic) objects inside the products. 9(b) shows an image of the same ﬂy inside a tuna ﬁsh sandwich. The contrast from the sandwich is strong, but against this slow contrast variation the sharp outline of the phase contrast image is readily identiﬁable.
P. and Duncumb, P. J. Appl. , 31, 936 (1998a). Arndt, U. , Long, J. V. , Pina, L. and Inneman, A. J. Appl. , 31, 733 (1998b). Bohler, P. and Stehle, J. L. Phys. Status Solidi A, 170, 211 (1998). Bowen, D. K. and Tanner, B. K. High Resolution X-ray Diffractometry and Topography, Taylor and Francis, London, 1998. , Maire, E. and Peix, G. J. Phys. , 32, A145 (1999). REFERENCES Davies, K. E. and Hukins, D. W. L. J. Appl. , 17, 486 (1984). Elliott, J. , Windle, A. , Hobdell, J. , Oldman, R. , Cloetens, P.
25 mm focal spot), no mirror, CuKα1 and CuKα2 wavelengths present. Beam footprint approximately 3 mm × 2 mm, collection time 53 min. The 10-fold increase in count rate and the beam footprint reduced by 85 % represent an increase in brightness of around 70 times. Reprinted from Materials Science and Engineering B, Vol. 80, M. Taylor, J. Wall, N. Loxley, M. Wormington and T. 17 Schematic diagram of the high resolution conﬁguration for high throughput and small spot size GRAZING INCIDENCE IN-PLANE X-RAY DIFFRACTION (GIIXD) reduction in beam area of a factor 7 between the original conﬁguration and that adopted in the Bede QC200 system.