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By Olsson M.-O., Sjostedt G.

The publication is meant for a large readership and will be liked by means of specialists on structures pondering and research in addition to by way of scholars, academics, researchers, planners and coverage makers who are looking to research extra approximately this subject. The booklet might be priceless in college instructing in numerous disciplines.

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Extra resources for Systems Approaches and Their Application: Examples from Sweden

Example text

Nology displayed in this line of development. or followers might rightly claim that or was the first systems methodology to appear on the historical stage, while gst came later and, as would claim cyberneticians, in parallel with cybernetics. Furthermore, the schools discussed here are all still alive and thriving to this day. Finally, most analysts working with systems approaches would probably not much care to identify themselves as adherents to any one of the listed schools in particular. Many practical studies using a systems approach employ an eclectic variety of methods and methodologies with little or no concern for the specific school of thinking to which they might belong.

The fundamental hypothesis is that the holistic view that the systems approach in science adopts might allow a better understanding of the questions that the scientist has posed for himself than the traditional, particularistic approach which has been entirely dominant in science right up to the mid 20th century. The systems approach has undoubtedly gained increasing ground during the last 40–50 years at the expense of the traditional reductionistic approach. The increasing significance of systems thinking depends on the fact that more and more scientists around the world in practically all scientific disciplines have come to believe that the phenomena (parts of reality) they study are characterized by interdependence and that the systemic properties of these Systems and Systems Theory 19 phenomena therefore require attention if we are to be able to expand and deepen our knowledge of reality.

This view of the history of systems thinking might of course be contested. There is, for instance, no straightforward chro1 Overviews of the basics of systems theory and the development of systems approaches in science abound in the literature. A comprehensive and yet popularly written account of the topic has recently been published in Swedish by Prof. Lars Ingelstam (2002). An overview of various systems theories is given in Skyttner (2001). An impressive review of systems thinking comprised of seminal articles by prominent systems theorists was published by the beginning of 2003, just when this book was being prepared for publication.

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