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A up to date revival of curiosity has taken position within the Epicureans, Stoics and Sceptics, their theories and difficulties, and the energetic debates that went on among them in old Greece. This learn presents a philosophical creation to the epistemological and metaphysical debates within which those Hellenistic thinkers marked out for philosophy a few of its vital matters. within the first bankruptcy David Sedley introduces the foremost thinkers of the interval in a quick comic strip of Hellenistic philosophy. The papers which persist with have been initially brought and mentioned at a global convention held in 1978 at Oriel university, Oxford, which was once the 1st of a sequence of Symposia Hellenistica.

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405); in another image, the mind yields to what is clear as a scale yields to the weights (Acad. II 38; cf. Epict. Diss. 7). Assent in such cases is still voluntary because, it would seem, all that is meant by saying it is voluntary is that it depends on my judgement, hence on me, whether I assent or not. At any rate, that is all there is to Sextus' account of the Stoic view in a passage (M VIII 397) which explicitly contrasts voluntary assent with involuntary impression. 71Tos), because whether or not I am affected by an impression does not depend on me but on something else, namely, the thing which appears to me; the impression once received, however, it does depend on me whether I assent to it, for it depends on my judgement.

But the sceptic then argues, often at some length, that there is no intellectually satisfactory criterion we can trust and use-this is the real backbone of the discussion, corresponding to a modern sceptic's attempt to show we have no adequate way of telling when things really are as they appear to be, and hence no adequate insurance against mistaken judgements. Assuming the point proved, the sceptic is left with the conflicting appearances and the conflicting opinions based upon them, unable to find any reason for preferring one to another and therefore bound to treat all as of equal strength and equally worthy (or unworthy) of acceptance.

DL IX 94, tr. Hicks)15 Now this talk of persuasion and persuasiveness has an identifiable historical resonance. In a context (M VIII 51) closely parallel to the passage just quoted, and not long after a mention of Aenesidemus (M VIII 40 ), Sextus equates what persuades us (to peithon hemas) with the Academic notion of to pithanon. 'Pithanon' is often mistranslated 'probable', but what the word normally means in Greek is 'persuasive' or 'convincing', and 14 Note the partial overlapping between the rp67Tovs in DL IX 78 and the StKa rp61Tovs, KaB' oVs rd.

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