A up to date revival of curiosity has taken position within the Epicureans, Stoics and Sceptics, their theories and difficulties, and the energetic debates that went on among them in old Greece. This learn presents a philosophical creation to the epistemological and metaphysical debates within which those Hellenistic thinkers marked out for philosophy a few of its vital matters. within the first bankruptcy David Sedley introduces the foremost thinkers of the interval in a quick comic strip of Hellenistic philosophy. The papers which persist with have been initially brought and mentioned at a global convention held in 1978 at Oriel university, Oxford, which was once the 1st of a sequence of Symposia Hellenistica.
Read or Download Doubt and Dogmatism: Studies in Hellenistic Epistemology PDF
Best epistemology books
Whereas taking a category on infinity at Stanford within the past due Eighties, Ravi Kapoor discovers that he's confronting an identical mathematical and philosophical dilemmas that his mathematician grandfather had confronted many many years earlier--and that had landed him in penitentiary. Charged lower than an imprecise blasphemy legislation in a small New Jersey city in 1919, Vijay Sahni is challenged via a skeptical pass judgement on to protect his trust that the understanding of arithmetic could be prolonged to all human knowledge--including faith.
This radical interpreting of Wittgenstein's 3rd and final masterpiece, On sure bet , has significant implications for philosophy. It elucidates Wittgenstein's final techniques at the nature of our easy ideals and his demystification of skepticism. Our uncomplicated certainties are proven to be nonepistemic, nonpropositional attitudes that, as such, don't have any verbal prevalence yet appear themselves solely in our activities.
Thought of via a few to be his most crucial textual content, this sequence of lectures given via Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762-1814) at his domestic in Berlin in 1804 is broadly considered as the main perspicuous presentation of his primary philosophy. Now to be had in English, this translation offers in notable and unique language Fichte's exploration of the transcendental foundations of expertise and realizing in ways in which transcend Kant and Reinhold and charts a promising, novel pathway for German Idealism.
- The Epistemology of Testimony
- The Structure of Justification
- The Knowledge Frontier: Essays in the Representation of Knowledge
- The World as Will and Representation, Volume 2
- The Bounds of Sense: An Essay on Kant's Critique of Pure Reason
- Philosophy of the Economy: An Aristotelian Approach
Extra resources for Doubt and Dogmatism: Studies in Hellenistic Epistemology
405); in another image, the mind yields to what is clear as a scale yields to the weights (Acad. II 38; cf. Epict. Diss. 7). Assent in such cases is still voluntary because, it would seem, all that is meant by saying it is voluntary is that it depends on my judgement, hence on me, whether I assent or not. At any rate, that is all there is to Sextus' account of the Stoic view in a passage (M VIII 397) which explicitly contrasts voluntary assent with involuntary impression. 71Tos), because whether or not I am affected by an impression does not depend on me but on something else, namely, the thing which appears to me; the impression once received, however, it does depend on me whether I assent to it, for it depends on my judgement.
But the sceptic then argues, often at some length, that there is no intellectually satisfactory criterion we can trust and use-this is the real backbone of the discussion, corresponding to a modern sceptic's attempt to show we have no adequate way of telling when things really are as they appear to be, and hence no adequate insurance against mistaken judgements. Assuming the point proved, the sceptic is left with the conflicting appearances and the conflicting opinions based upon them, unable to find any reason for preferring one to another and therefore bound to treat all as of equal strength and equally worthy (or unworthy) of acceptance.
DL IX 94, tr. Hicks)15 Now this talk of persuasion and persuasiveness has an identifiable historical resonance. In a context (M VIII 51) closely parallel to the passage just quoted, and not long after a mention of Aenesidemus (M VIII 40 ), Sextus equates what persuades us (to peithon hemas) with the Academic notion of to pithanon. 'Pithanon' is often mistranslated 'probable', but what the word normally means in Greek is 'persuasive' or 'convincing', and 14 Note the partial overlapping between the rp67Tovs in DL IX 78 and the StKa rp61Tovs, KaB' oVs rd.