By Michael Mandelbaum
This can be a severe exam of the expansion, sustainability and destiny outlook for democracy in the course of the global. within the 20th century, democracy skilled the similar of a increase, spreading outward from mere 10 democratic international locations in 1900 to an overpowering one hundred twenty of the world's a hundred ninety nations via the yr 2000. In "Democracy's stable Name", Michael Mandelbaum examines this seismic shift in governance, urging us to think about the heritage of democratic impact, its power for spreading and conserving peace, in addition to its destiny in key un-democratic outposts round the globe.While many folks suppose democracy to be the traditional order of items, Mandelbaum illustrates that its considered necessary elements - renowned sovereignty and liberty - were traditionally special political traditions (the marriage of which happened really overdue during human history). How then, did this close to common attractiveness of recent democracy take place? And what are the bigger implications of its institution? during this sure-footed account, Michael Mandelbaum bargains us a cogent historical past of democracy and sheds mild at the symbiotic courting among it and the loose industry. In his research of the way forward for democracy, Michael Mandelbaum rigorously assesses the most important exceptions to the guideline within the circumstances of China, Russia and the Arab international, and examines each one when it comes to strength conversion to democracy. Thoughtfully and provocatively argued, "Democracy's solid identify" deals perception into what's arguably the furthest attaining and strongest doctrine of our time.
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Extra info for Democracy's Good Name: The Rise and Risks of the World's Most Popular Form of Government
It is, with liberty, one of the two constituent parts of the political system that George W. Bush celebrated and vowed to propagate on January 20, 2005, and it is the political system based on the combination of the two that earned the good name that democracy had come to enjoy when Bush made his speech. The career of popular sovereignty followed a different course from the one that liberty took. Having come later to the world, popular sovereignty spread much farther much more rapidly. It rose to global supremacy on the backs of an all-conquering intellectual current and the most powerful political trend in the modern world, both of which were compatible with rule by the people but not with the rule of hereditary monarchs.
The French Revolution, which at its outset embraced the same liberties that the people of Great Britain enjoyed and that the American Constitution enshrined, produced a reign of terror and the dictatorship of a Corsican-born soldier, Napoleon Bonaparte, who proclaimed himself emperor. Later in the nineteenth century Napoleon’s nephew, Louis Napoleon, came to power by popular vote—an election in 1848 and a plebiscite in 1851—but then proceeded to impose dictatorial 18 Democracy’s Good Name rule, jailing his political opponents and restricting political freedom.
89 The answer at which Madison and the other framers of the Constitution arrived was to divide power among different branches and levels of the government to prevent any single one, and thus the government as a whole, from becoming too powerful. Their approach laid the basis for more than two centuries of democracy in America. For most of the twentieth century, however, relatively few other countries reproduced the results that the American Constitution achieved. Most other countries, for most of their histories as independent sovereign states, functioned as nominal, not representative, democracies, with their rulers holding power by coercion rather than by the consent of the governed.