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Additional resources for Decentralized Solutions for Developing Economies: Addressing Energy Poverty Through Innovation
Hence, it is common to see clusters of households and small businesses with SHS. Applying the concept of swarm electriﬁcation and interlinking these clustered SHS to form a microgrid, end-users could act as “prosumers”, forming the core nodes of the microgrid and allowing the end-users to both consume electricity from the microgrid as well as feed electricity into the microgrid. Such an approach enables synergies with network effects generated through the inclusion of localized economies with strong producer-consumer linkages, allowing for local trade.
On the other hand, it is assumed that all excess electricity generation can be and is sold within the microgrid. 4 takes the perspective of a net consumer (without generation capacity), who pays for electricity consumed from the swarm microgrid. The calculated NPVs indicate that additional electriﬁcation effort can be realized, especially for households who could not afford a full system before. g. in a shaded area) could also gain access to the microgrid electriﬁcation. In that case these people can buy electricity at a lower cost compared to the business-as-usual case (represented by the blue line in Fig.
Would need to be carefully considered for a sustainable business model, and could potentially also be conducted by the same POs instead of the SAM. It should be noted that a safe extra low voltage (SELV) can be chosen as the network voltage to mitigate the need for extensive safety training and equipment, as these voltages fall into the touch safe range. It is further important to note that the model is sensitive to changes in the electricity trading price per kWh, as well as the available and tradable amount of Wh (see Figs.