By Michael W. Austin
Our mom and dad frequently have an important influence at the content material of our ideals, the values we carry, and the targets we pursue and turning into a guardian may also have an analogous effect on our lives. In "Conceptions of Parenthood", Michael Austin presents a rigorous and available philosophical research of the various and specified conceptions of parenthood. concerns thought of are the character and justification of parental rights, the assets of parental duties, the worth of autonomy, and the ethical tasks and tensions current inside of interpersonal relationships. Austin rejects the 'proprietarian', 'best pursuits of the child', and 'biological' conceptions of parenthood as failing to generate parental rights and responsibilities yet considers extra sympathetically the 'custodial relationship', 'consent', and 'causal' conceptions of parenthood and finally defends a 'stewardship' notion. ultimately Austin explores the 'stewardship' view for useful and ethical questions concerning relatives existence and social coverage in regards to the kin, comparable to the schooling of youngsters, the non secular upbringing of youngsters and kingdom licensing of folks.
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Our mom and dad frequently have an important effect at the content material of our ideals, the values we carry, and the ambitions we pursue and changing into a father or mother may also have an identical impression on our lives. In "Conceptions of Parenthood", Michael Austin offers a rigorous and available philosophical research of the varied and precise conceptions of parenthood.
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Additional info for Conceptions of Parenthood (Ashgate Studies in Applied Ethics)
The more a given scenario departs from this standard 40 Conceptions of Parenthood context, the greater the importance of the relevant contextual features for determining the force of the prima facie obligations in question. It is also important for CT that children possess moral status. This was discussed in detail in Chapter 1, but to recap brieﬂy, an entity’s possession of moral status means that moral agents must take into account the interests, needs, and well-being of that entity from the moral point of view.
The narrow claim that I argue for is that causation, as described below, is sufﬁcient for the initial ascription of prima facie parental obligations. In this section, then, I am attempting to show that we have good reasons for accepting the commonsense belief that if one causes (in a particular way) a child to come into existence, then one incurs special moral obligations to that child. In what follows, I ﬁrst explain and then offer a defense of the following causal thesis in the context of the parent-child relationship: The Causal Thesis of Parental Obligations (CT): If a moral agent causes, in the relevant way, the existence of a child, then that moral agent has special prima facie moral obligations to that child.
Successful Conceptions of Parenthood 37 state of affairs – engaging in sexual intercourse – does not entail that one has tacitly consented to bringing about another state of affairs – procreation and birth – resulting from the bringing about of the former state of affairs. The upshot for parenthood is that by consenting to sex and knowing that it could lead to the existence of a child, one has not tacitly consented to procreation and the undertaking of the relevant parental obligations. Accepting the conclusion that consent to sex does not entail tacit consent to procreation and parenthood need not include acceptance of the claim that in such a situation one has no parental obligations if a child does come into being.