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By Anil Kumar Singh, Jagdish Chander Dagar, Ayyanadar Arunachalam, Gopichandran R, Kirit Nanubhai Shelat

It is celebrated that the affects of weather switch are tangible and for this reason there could be no debate in regards to the want for acceptable version measures, on a concern foundation. in spite of the fact that, it's both very important to acknowledge the truth that edition measures really signify a dynamic synthesis of interventions referring to a number of structures. those are fairly of water, soil features, genotypic and phenotypic adaptations and their expressions, age-correlated biochemical adjustments aligned with planting schedules and favorable weather/climate stipulations. meals, prevalence and distribution of linked plants together with crop mixes additionally effect productiveness. The overarching element of farming perform wields major effect at the end result and therefore you will need to be transparent concerning the specific concentration of the investigations being conducted and stated in an appropriate demeanour. it really is necessary to realize that medical learn in agriculture in India has consistently produced precious result of direct relevance to her humans. Importantly, preparedness to take on failures because of inclement climate method has prominently featured at the schedule. the new concentrate on weather swap and affects has supplied the mandatory impetus to reorganize the framework of research to catch the specifics of such affects. during this context, the significance of micro weather diversifications too viz-a-viz the bigger scales of affects can't be overemphasized. it will likely be invaluable to additionally aid symbolize ordinary adaptations as opposed to artificially brought on adaptations, aiding us comprehend the complexities of person and synergistic affects too. evidently, the boundaries and boundaries of types may be sure the unfold and intensity of the results of investigations. Empirical evidences to augment assumptions need to even be documented with utmost care; guided by way of an realizing of the boundaries of tolerance, restricting components, and the precautionary precept specifically within the public coverage interface. the current quantity hence, showcases those strands with the fond wish that they're going to stimulate extra considering and allow acceptable action.

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This indicates a process of diversification though not properly designed. With adequate reserve of rice and wheat, it is possible to design a plan of Diversification of Agriculture in India: Challenges Ahead 15 Fig. 4 Coarse Cereals, 24 Pulses, 11 Wheat, 14 Coarse Cereals, 16 2010-11 Others, 13 Sugarcane, 2 Rice, 22 CoƩon, 6 Oilseeds, 14 Pulses, 13 Wheat, 15 Coarse Cereals, 15 Fig. 2 Per cent share of crops in the gross cropped area (Source: Agriculture Statistics at a Glance (2012). Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India) diversification to divert some of the area under staple food grains to other crops particularly oilseeds, pulses, horticultural crops, medicinal and aromatic plants, floriculture and silvi-pasture systems.

Reduction in poverty and Increase in average income Post Independence & Post Green Revolution Era (1950 -1990s) (Green Revolution, Blue Revolution, Yellow Revolution, White Revolution) Low income and high poverty Need for Agricultural Diversification Growing population and Food Demand Need Effort s Results Need Efforts Increasing Area under Irrigation HYVs Substantial increase in Food grain production Shift of area of other crops to rice and wheat Diversified demand from food grains to fruits, vegetables, oils, pulses, Milk, egg, meat, fodder, etc.

Emission of methane from low-lying rice areas also causes environmental hazards including depletion of ozone layer. These problems can be reduced to minimum by incorporating horticultural/plantation crops, oilseeds and pulses in the system based on the suitability of land resources and need of the locality/nation. Although India has the surplus food grain stock, food and nutritional security at household level continue to be an area of concern. 6 g against the recommended level of 500 g/day. 6 g/day/capita against the recommended intake of 55 g/day/capita.

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