Download Climate Change and Food Security in West Asia and North by Mannava V.K. Sivakumar, Rattan Lal, Ramasamy Selvaraju, PDF

By Mannava V.K. Sivakumar, Rattan Lal, Ramasamy Selvaraju, Ibrahim Hamdan

The nations of West Asia and North Africa (WANA) have lengthy had the problem of offering sustainable livelihoods for his or her populations within the fragile ecosystems of semi-arid and arid components. weather switch is already a fact in WANA and it locations extra constraints at the already fragile ecosystems of dry parts and constrained usual assets in WANA. A finished and built-in method of making plans and enforcing the weather swap variation thoughts around the wide selection of agro-ecosystems in numerous international locations in WANA may possibly aid either the planners and the neighborhood groups to deal successfully with the projected affects and likewise give a contribution to total sustainability of agricultural creation platforms. This booklet addresses the real factor of weather switch and foodstuff protection in West Asia and North Africa and provides the precise techniques that may assist in the advance of latest rules to higher adapt agriculture creation platforms and increase nutrients safety in WANA.

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This wet, rainy year followed several dry years. The notable recent extreme climate events include excessive rain in Saudi Arabia (November 2009), floods in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia (January 2011) and Morocco (December 2010). Recurrent natural disasters such as droughts, floods and outbreak of plant and animal pests such as desert locust, and trans-boundary animal diseases cause much suffering, deplete the natural resources base and damage the infrastructure. Implications of Climate Change for Agriculture and Food Security… Western Asia Northern Africa 20 Cereals Yield 10 0 -10 -20 -30 30 Cereals Production Western Asia Northern Africa 20 10 0 -10 2009 2007 2005 2003 2001 1999 1997 1995 1993 1991 1989 1987 1985 1983 1981 1979 1977 1975 1973 1971 1969 1965 -30 1963 -20 1961 Deviation from trend (%) 35 1961 1963 1965 1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 Deviation from trend (%) 30 1967 2 Fig.

2008; Williams and Funk 2010). Sea-surface temperature shifts in the Western 1 Climate Change in the West Asia and North Africa Region 23 Fig. 18 Projected temperature (°C; left) and rainfall changes (%; right) for the Arabian Peninsula Region, as in Fig. 13a, b Indian Ocean have drawn the region of storminess associated with the zonal Walker Circulation away from Africa, leading instead to drier conditions. It is not clear whether these changes are a characteristic of anthropogenic change or simply a part of decadal variability, so projections of wet conditions over Somalia, Yemen, and the Gulf of Aden are not nearly as robust as they first appear.

Recurrent natural disasters such as droughts, floods and outbreak of plant and animal pests such as desert locust, and trans-boundary animal diseases cause much suffering, deplete the natural resources base and damage the infrastructure. Implications of Climate Change for Agriculture and Food Security… Western Asia Northern Africa 20 Cereals Yield 10 0 -10 -20 -30 30 Cereals Production Western Asia Northern Africa 20 10 0 -10 2009 2007 2005 2003 2001 1999 1997 1995 1993 1991 1989 1987 1985 1983 1981 1979 1977 1975 1973 1971 1969 1965 -30 1963 -20 1961 Deviation from trend (%) 35 1961 1963 1965 1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 Deviation from trend (%) 30 1967 2 Fig.

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