By Hugh M. French, Olav Slaymaker
Chapter 1 chilly Canada and the altering Cryosphere (pages 1–25): Hugh French and Olav Slaymaker
Chapter 2 The past due Quaternary Glaciation of Northern Canada (pages 26–47): David Evans
Chapter three The Evolution of Polar wasteland and Tundra Ecosystems (pages 48–65): Konrad Gajewski
Chapter four distant Sensing and Canadian Snow Climatology (pages 66–86): Richard Kelly
Chapter five The altering Climates (pages 87–104): Roger Barry and Mark Serreze
Chapter 6 Snow and Runoff: approaches, Sensitivity and Vulnerability (pages 105–125): Ming?Ko Woo and John Pomeroy
Chapter 7 Permafrost Distribution and balance (pages 126–146): Chris Burn
Chapter eight Sea Ice in Canada (pages 147–162): David Barber and Jennifer Lukovich
Chapter nine Lake and River Ice in Canada (pages 163–181): Terry Prowse
Chapter 10 weather switch and the significant Canadian Treeline (pages 183–199): Glen Macdonald
Chapter eleven Geomorphic switch in Northern Canada (pages 200–221): Hugh French
Chapter 12 Geomorphic switch in Canada's Temperate Mountains (pages 222–246): Olav Slaymaker
Chapter thirteen hazard from Cold?climate dangers within the Canadian Cordillera (pages 247–266): Jim Gardner
Chapter 14 Societal features of adjusting chilly Environments (pages 267–300): Gita Laidler
Chapter 15 The altering Canadian Cryosphere, Globalization and worldwide Environmental switch (pages 301–312): Olav Slaymaker and Hugh French
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Extra info for Changing Cold Environments: A Canadian Perspective
The Cordillera also creates a permanent wave in the upper winds that moves southward over central and eastern Canada. e. north–south) flow is especially well developed in winter. As a result, cold arctic air frequently flows southwards into central Canada. Large scale influences on the hydroclimate of Canada’s western mountains include the so-called Pacific-North America (PNA) pattern, the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). The PNA has a strong and a weak phase; the weak phase tends to produce cooler and wetter weather, and higher snow accumulation.
E. north–south) flow is especially well developed in winter. As a result, cold arctic air frequently flows southwards into central Canada. Large scale influences on the hydroclimate of Canada’s western mountains include the so-called Pacific-North America (PNA) pattern, the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). The PNA has a strong and a weak phase; the weak phase tends to produce cooler and wetter weather, and higher snow accumulation. ENSO changes phase every 2–7 years and PDO changes phase every 2–3 decades.
Published 2012 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 1). The presence of wet-based ice up-glacier from the frozen margins of subpolar glaciers and ice sheets has a profound impact on debris entrainment, transport and deposition. 2a). Thick basal debris sequences also form where glaciers override buried ice dating from earlier glacial events (Evans, 2009). 1 Types of polythermal glaciers. They can be classified as being ‘predominantly cold’ (types (a)–(c)) or ‘predominantly warm’ glaciers (types (d)–(f)). From Benn and Evans, 2010.