Download Capitalizing on Nature: Ecosystems as Natural Assets by Edward B. Barbier PDF

By Edward B. Barbier

The elemental unit of nature - the environment - is a different type of wealth, which we will contemplate as a inventory of usual capital. despite the fact that, probably simply because this capital is unfastened, we have now tended to view it as unlimited, considerable and continually to be had for our use, exploitation and conversion. Capitalizing on Nature indicates how modeling ecosystems as typical capital might help us to research the commercial habit that has ended in the overuse of a lot ecological wealth. It explains how this idea of environment as average capital sheds gentle on a couple of vital matters, together with panorama conversion, ecological recovery, atmosphere resilience and cave in, spatial advantages and funds for surroundings prone. The e-book concludes by means of targeting significant coverage demanding situations that must be conquer which will stay away from the worsening challenge of ecological shortage and the way we will be able to fund novel financing mechanisms for international conservation.

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2008. ” Science 319:948–952. C. V. Kneese. 1974. Economic Theory of Natural Resources. Charles E. Merrill, Columbus, OH. W. 1979. Natural Resource Economics. John Wiley, New York. X. H. Berger et al. 2001. ” Science 293:629–638. B. R. Silliman et al. 2009. ” Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 7:29–37. V. 1967. ” American Economic Review 57(4):777–786. V. C. Fisher. 1975. The Economics of Natural Environments: Studies in the Valuation of Commodity and Amenity Resources. Resources for the Future, Washington, DC.

The distinct ecosystems found in these environments include estuarine and coastal wetlands, such as marshes and mangroves, sand beaches and dunes, seagrass beds, coral reefs, and coastal and open-water marine ecosystems. However, coastal human population densities are nearly three times that of inland areas, and they are increasing exponentially (UNEP 2006). The resulting deterioration in coastal systems due to human activities is intense and increasing, such that 50% of salt marshes, 35% of mangroves, 30% of coral reefs, and 29% of seagrasses are either lost or degraded worldwide (FAO 2007; MEA 2005; Orth et al.

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