By Ken Ford
One of many key targets of British forces on D-Day in the course of international battle II (1939-1945)was the trap of the strategically important urban of Caen. common Montgomery observed Caen because the key to Normandy and the springboard for the Allied breakout, yet so did the Germans and town didn't fall. It took 3 significant offensives and greater than 30 bloody days of fight to eventually take Caen. within the technique town used to be controversially devastated and its civilian inhabitants decimated. The Allies paid a excessive rate for Caen however the bad German casualties bled their forces in Normandy white and helped open the best way for the yankee breakout in Operation Cobra.
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Extra info for Caen 1944: Montgomery’s break-out attempt (Campaign, Volume 143)
In spite of remarkable bonanzas (North Sea oil, the collapse of world prices of raw materials, prolific proceeds of denationalization) Great Britain was forced to the bottom of the table of advanced industrial countries and forfeited unrecoverable opportunities. A half-hearted abandonment of the nostrums of the early eighties stimulated recovery, but this sad performance diminished Great Britain's standing in Europe. The ambiguity of the British position in Europe was enhanced by a different wartime experience: the special relationship between Churchill and Roosevelt.
Those who glorify it, and those who condemn and hope to eliminate it altogether, are on the fringes. Centrally, the crux has been how to rationalize the conflict between, on the one hand, accepting war as a fact of life and, on the other, condemning it as immoral multiple homicide. The idea of war as a necessary evil has emerged from this dilemma and has dominated all thinking (in Europe) about war since early Christian times. It is what most people felt about war against Hitler. Beginning with St Augustine, Christian and other moralists have tried to resolve the irreconcilable by arguing that war, like the use of other forms of violence, may be justified.
But the conflict of 1939- 45 was a World War and not one man's war. It embraced a number of originally distinct wars which merged. Some of these were, in a formal sense, started by Hitler, but the causes of this six-year compendium of fighting in Europe have to be examined in terms of much more than Hitler, or the Nazis, or Germany, or even of Europe. A World War has necessarily complex origins. But it does not follow that Hitler was a man or a politician like any other. He was not. On the contrary, he was decidedly outside the normal run of men and of statesmen, and the things that made him different contributed to war.