By Jagdish Chander Dagar, Anil Kumar Singh, Ayyanadar Arunachalam
Agroforestry, the notice coined in early seventies, has made its position in the entire built and the constructing international locations of the realm and is now well-known as a massive method of making sure meals defense and rebuilding resilient rural environments. India has been an all-time chief in agroforestry. The South and Southeast Asia sector comprising India is frequently defined because the cradle of agroforestry. just about all varieties of agroforestry structures exist throughout India in ecozones starting from humid tropical lowlands to high-altitude and temperate biomes, and perhumid rainforest zones to parched drylands. the rustic ranks leading one of the group of countries not just when it comes to this huge, immense variety and lengthy culture of the perform of agroforestry, but in addition in fostering clinical advancements within the topic. Agroforestry applies to personal agricultural and woodland lands and groups that still contain hugely erodible, flood-prone, economically marginal and environmentally delicate lands. the common state of affairs is agricultural, the place timber are further to create wanted advantages. Agroforestry allows the diversification of farm actions and makes higher use of environmental assets. due to a rise within the inhabitants of human and farm animals, there's expanding call for of meals in addition to fodder, really in constructing international locations like India. thus far, there's no coverage that offers with specifics in agroforestry in India. yet, the Indian Council of Agricultural learn has been discussing at the scope of getting a countrywide Agroforestry coverage in applicable systems. besides the fact that, evolving a coverage calls for reliable and trustworthy datasets from various corners of the rustic at the material. This synthesis quantity containing thirteen chapters is an try to collate to be had info in a labeled demeanour into diverse approach ecologies, difficulties and suggestions, and converging them right into a coverage support.
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Additional info for Agroforestry Systems in India: Livelihood Security & Ecosystem Services
North Eastern Council, Shillong, Meghalaya, India NRCAF (2013) NRCAF Vision 2050. National Research Centre for Agroforestry, Jhansi Pandey CB, Rai BR, Singh L, Singh A (2007) Homegardens of Andaman and Nicobar, India. Agric Syst 92:1–22 Pathak PS, Dagar JC (2000). Traditional agroforestry sytems: an overview. In:Soni P, Srivastava AK (eds) Landmarks of botany in India. , Dehradun, pp 26–49 Pathak PS, Gupta SK, Singh P (1995) IGFRI approaches: rehabilitation of degraded lands. Bulletin Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi, pp 1–23 Planning Commission (2001) Report of the Task Force on Greening India for Livelihood Security and Sustainable Development.
Nitida Anogeissus latifolia Artocarpus lakoocha Azadirachta indica Bambusa balcoa Timber, fodder, fuel and shaded tree in tea gardens Timber, fodder, medicinal, fuel Fodder, fuel, and timber Timber, fuel, soil conservation Timber, fuel, soil conservation Fuel and fodder \1000 21. B. tulda \1000 22. Bauhinia variegata Betula alnoides B. utilis Bombax ceiba \1200 Rhizomes, offsets Rhizomes, offsets SL, DS Timber, bark and seed—medicine, insecticidal, fertilizer Constructional purposes, paper and pulp, cottage industry Constructional purposes, mats, basket, young shoot pickled, and eaten Cherry gum, bark-dye and medicine, fodder, fuel, flower buds vegetables Plywood, furniture, tool handles Bark papery (Bhojpatra), timber, fodder Match industry, plywood 3.
It is also needed to plant grasses, fodder bushes, and wild fruits on the forest floors to feed the wildlife and migratory shepherd (sheep and goats) during their journey from alpines to the lower hills (VPKAS, 2011). 08 Source FSI (2011), Census of India (2011), HPFS (2011) TOF Trees outside forest area in the form of social forestry, agroforestry, homestead, etc Value in parenthesis represents the area under TOF in km2 2 Soil Conservation and Ecosystem Stability bridging the gap between demand and supply of the fodder.